Citric acid is a natural acid commonly found in citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and limes. It is a white, crystalline powder with a slightly sour taste. It is widely used in various industries including food, beverage, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics.
In the food and beverage industry, citric acid acts as a flavour enhancer and preservative. It is often used to add a tart taste to foods and beverages such as candies, soft drinks, jams, and sauces. It also helps to prevent the oxidation of fruits and vegetables, keeping them fresh for a longer time.
In the pharmaceutical industry, citric acid is used as an ingredient in many medicines and supplements. It is often included in effervescent tablets to provide a pleasant taste and as a buffering agent to adjust the pH level of the medication.
Citric acid also has various applications in the cosmetic industry. It is commonly used in skincare products like face cleansers, masks, and creams due to its exfoliating and antioxidant properties. It helps to remove dead skin cells and promote a brighter and more even complexion.
Furthermore, citric acid is often used as a cleaning agent and descaler. Its acidic nature makes it effective at removing hard water stains, rust, and mineral deposits from various surfaces and appliances.
Overall, citric acid is a versatile and widely used compound with various applications. Its natural origin, mild taste, and beneficial properties make it a popular ingredient in many products across different industries.